Eye care 101
What causes eye problems and how to care for them
Like any other part of the body, the eye requires assistance to keep it in good condition. It also requires regular attention from an eye doctor specializing in helping people with vision problems.
What causes eye problems?
Having eye problems is nothing to be ashamed of. Everyone’s eyes get dry and itchy from time to time. However, if you are experiencing eye problems more than once in a while, you may have an eye condition. There are many different kinds of eye conditions ranging from dry eyes to sore eyes to eyes that don’t work right.
The most common kind of eye problem is an eye infection or inflammation. These kinds of problems can come on suddenly, or they can develop gradually over time. The signs of an infection or inflammation include redness, pain, and blurry vision. You might also experience tearing, sensitivity to light, and mucus discharge.
Other common problems associated with the eyes include injuries, allergies, aging, and chronic illness in general. For example, allergies can cause watery eyes and redness and itching around the eyelids and the face around the eyes and nose. Allergies can cause dry eyes, but they can also result from having too much exposure to wind, computers, or even air conditioning due to the low humidity in the winter months.
Here Are A Few Tips You Can Use When Taking Care Of Your Eyes
- See an eye doctor.
Regular eye exams are recommended to catch diseases early. Your optometrist will be able to identify any signs of disease before they progress and cause further damage to your eyes. It’s also during an eye exam when you’ll receive any necessary vision correction such as glasses, contacts, or surgery. Early detection and treatment can prevent permanent visual impairment and blindness.
- Don’t sit too close to the computer screen.
Your eyes need a break every few hours; take them off the screen and focus on something 20 feet away while you give your eyes a rest by blinking more frequently than usual.
- Get enough sleep.
Making sure you get adequate sleep is one way to help prevent eye problems. Getting less than six hours of sleep has been linked to a higher risk of macular degeneration, one of the most common causes of sight loss in older people.
- Stay clean.
Dirt, dust, and grime can accumulate on your eyelashes, potentially causing irritation and infection, so it’s important to wash them from time to time with a gentle cleanser. Also, never share eye makeup, contact lenses, or eye solutions with anyone else.
- Protect your vision.
If you wear contact lenses, take steps to make sure they fit properly to avoid discomfort or damage to the cornea (the clear front surface of your eye). If you’re having trouble with dryness or irritation, ask an optician to check that your prescription is accurate and that the contact lens fits securely.
- Wear sunglasses outdoors, even on cloudy days.
Especially if you spend a lot of time in the sun or around water. UV rays can cause cataracts, macular degeneration, and other serious problems if not blocked out by sunglasses or other appropriate eyewear.
- Eat healthily
Studies show a strong link between having insufficient vitamin C in our bodies and a higher risk of macular degeneration. Macular degeneration is the leading cause of blindness in those over 60 years old. The best way to get this important nutrient into our diets is by eating foods rich in vitamin C. Some foods that are naturally rich in Vitamin C include:
- Lemons and limes
Hopefully, you now have a better idea of how to care for your eyes to keep them healthy so that you can enjoy the best vision possible. And if you do happen to experience symptoms of glaucoma or other eye diseases or defects, promptly schedule an appointment with Dr. Yunus for an evaluation and proper treatment.